HealthIT

Health IT (information technology) is the area of IT involving the design, development, creation, use and maintenance of information systems for the healthcare industry. Automated and interoperable healthcare information systems are expected to lower costs, improve efficiency and reduce error, while also providing better consumer care and service.

Section 508 and User-Centered Design

We've often blogged about Section 508 compliance as a means to convince very engineering-centric developers to consider their users.

Accessible designs work for everyone - see also Universal Design. Ever use a curb-cut?

By thinking about a disabled user and designing a solution that works for them, developers adopt a user-centered design strategy without even knowing it.

It is an excellent foot-in-the-door for designing for an admin user, a casual user, the sales team, an expert user, and many of other personas associated with the solution.

How to choose a (more) usable Electronic Health Record (EHR) system

The usability of the system is probably the most important factor in making an informed choice of which EHR to use for your practice. Most every bit of software says that it is easy to use, but how can you choose an EHR that is actually usable?

Health IT Use Could Affect Physicians' Capacity To See Patients

The increased use of health IT among providers could reduce the number of patients physicians are able to see, according to a study published in the American Journal of Managed Care, FierceHealthIT reports.

Study Details

The study was based on survey responses from primary care physicians in Michigan (Hall, FierceHealthIT, 11/19). The survey -- by the Center for Healthcare Research & Transformation and the University of Michigan Child Health Evaluation and Research Unit -- was conducted between October 2012 and December 2012 and included a total of 739 respondents.

Responses from physicians who were not practicing at the time were not included.

Study Findings

The study found that physicians used a mean of 5.1 health IT services. The most commonly used health IT service was electronic prescribing, while a Web portal for patients to schedule appointments was the least common.

Overall, 83% of respondents said they anticipated having the capacity to accept new patients in the future.

However, the study showed that the odds of physicians who reported having the capacity to accept new patients decreased by 14% with each additional health IT system used.

Further, the study showed that the number of patients seen was more likely to be negatively affected by health IT at smaller physician practices than larger practices (Tipirneni et al., AJMC, 11/17).

According to the study, EHRs and electronic access to admitting hospital records were most closely associated with an expected lower capacity. Meanwhile, technologies that were less likely to negatively affect capacity included:

  • Electronic prescribing;
  • Reminder systems;
  • State immunization registries; and
  • Web portals for scheduling appointments or requesting medication refills (FierceHealthIT, 11/19).

The study also found that physicians with higher health IT use were less likely to accept privately insured patients than those with Medicaid or Medicare. The researchers said this was surprising because providers generally receive higher reimbursement rates from private coverage.

The researchers concluded that the findings "call into question" whether health IT expansion "translates into improved efficiency and capacity in primary care practices" (AJMC, 11/17). They added, "In an era of concurrent [health] IT and insurance coverage expansions, policymakers must weigh the unintended consequences of each in order to optimize capacity to care for the newly insured" (Rizzo, "Becker's Health IT & CIO Review," Becker's Hospital Review, 11/18).

Source: iHealthBeat, Thursday, November 20, 2014

The Promise of Health IT Is Suffering Under the Reality of Washington

by David LeDuc, iHealthBeat, Thursday, October 30, 2014

Health care systems around the world are being challenged by aging populations, chronic illness and revolutionary -- but expensive -- treatments. Addressing these issues is increasingly dependent on information, as health care is a data-rich, knowledge-driven industry. And yet, the regulations governing health data were developed at a time when the telephone and typewriter were among the most advanced technologies being used in most doctor's offices.

First, let's consider what's at stake. Applying health care data analytics, delivered in a digestible manner when and where it is needed, can lead to faster treatments coming to market, enhanced patient engagement and increased adherence to care plans, as well as reduced fraud -- all of which not only promise to improve the health of our nation's population, but also lower costs for patients and providers by eliminating needless procedures.  

Yet, with medical information doubling every five years, doctors are constrained by the volume of information -- more than 80% of which is unstructured -- which they must work to analyze in order to provide individualized, safe and effective treatment options. Unconnected health datasets provide incomplete pictures of the health statuses and health care practices of U.S. residents, often denying optimal solutions being available to patients in need. 

A more effective approach to health care is to use cutting-edge analytics software to turn data into clinical and business insights that are easily put to use by providers. Effective data analytics can make those insights available in real time for point of care decisions and productivity. Hospitals, medical centers and clinicians can be empowered by seamless, patient-centered, holistic and proactive approaches to drive their interactions with a patient and to deliver better care experiences that emphasize prevention and wellness.

The possible applications of data-driven analytics solutions are virtually endless. These tools can analyze diverse data sources to predict and medically investigate patient safety signals, thereby improving patient safety by identifying potential issues before they become a reality. They can analyze huge volumes of structured and unstructured clinical and operational data for medical institutions to uncover hidden insights. They can even help physicians deliver more accurate diagnosis and treatment decisions for illnesses, increasing practical expertise for a myriad of health care professionals that lack access to advanced knowledge resources. 

But while these IT solutions hold great promise for personalizing treatment and revolutionizing health care, current public policy is standing in the way. There is significant confusion in the market about what technologies may be regulated, by which agencies and to what standards.

Simply stated, America's outdated regulatory approach is harming the development and application of a wide range of data analytic software supporting this revolution, threatening to delay -- or even prevent -- the implementation of 21st century health care solutions. Regulatory uncertainty is holding back the full deployment of countless promising technologies that can help clinicians access more evidence-based medicine, provide patient populations with more individualized care and generate better patient/caregiver/provider engagement.

To address this, HHS recently released a report providing a proposed strategy and draft recommendations to address the problems and shortcomings of this outdated regulatory framework. The FDASIA report makes suggestions to enhance a risk-based regulatory and oversight structure to foster innovation and better ensure the safety and efficacy of a tech-enabled healthcare system. The strategy also correctly espouses a technology-neutral approach, identifying the need to ensure risk and corresponding controls are focused on the actual health IT functionality, rather than on the technology or platform (e.g., mobile, cloud-based, installed) on which such functionality resides.

Most importantly, the strategy promotes the need for three distinct categories of health IT, which should be treated differently based on risk. Those that present a high risk to patient safety must be regulated. Those that present no risk should remain unregulated. And the remainder, those that may pose some risk, should be subject to risk-based oversight that uses consensus standards and private certification bodies to efficiently verify that they function safely and effectively.

With this report, we now have virtually unanimous agreement about the opportunities offered by health IT and data analytics, the steep regulatory barrier to deploying these solutions more broadly, and the need for a new public policy framework that breaks down these barriers. 

The next step is for Congress to act: Leaders in Washington, D.C., must modernize current health IT regulations, which are a product of the 1970s. This new framework needs to be sufficiently flexible to be relevant for current technologies, but also able to accommodate the rapid and hugely promising evolution of health IT.

The good news is that legislation has been introduced in both houses of Congress to accomplish this objective. The bad news is that, like so much in Congress, it remains stalled. On Oct. 7, the Software & Information Industry Association joined with dozens of technology providers, health organizations and trade associations urging Congress to pass legislation to provide much-needed statutory clarity.

Congress should act now to comprehensively reform the regulatory structure for health IT. The longer this is delayed, the longer Americans may be denied the most advanced technologies that can save lives, improve overall outcomes and cut costs.

Source: iHealthBeat, Thursday, October 30, 2014

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